• van der Valk J, Brown M, Gauthier C, Howard B, Kurosawa TM, Rose M, van Zutphen B. Education and Training in the 3Rs. ALTEX [CD-ROM]. 2010;27(Special Issue 1):169-175
  • van der Valk J, Dewhurst D, Hughes I, Atkinson J, Balcombe J, Braun H, Gabrielson K, Gruber F, Miles J, Nab J, Nardi J, van Wilgenburg H, Zinko U, Zurlo J. Alternatives to the use of animals in higher education - the report and recommendations of ECVAM workshop. ATLA. 1999,27:39-52
  • van Dongen K, Ahlberg G, Bonavina L, Carter F, Grantcharov T, Hyltander A, Schijven M, Stefani A, van der Zee D, Broeders I. European consensus on a competency-based virtual reality training program for basic endoscopic surgical psychomotor skills. Surg Endosc. 2011 Jan;25(1):166-171
  • van Wilgenburg H. Implementation of computer-based alternatives in biomedical education. In: Jukes N and Chiuia M. From Guinea Pig to Computer Mouse: Alternative Methods for a Progressive, Humane Education. 2nd ed. Leicester, UK: InterNICHE; 2003. p. 88-94
  • van Zutphenl B, van der Valk J. Education and training: a basis for the introduction of the three Rs alternatives into animal research. ATLA. 1995,23:123-127
  • Varban OA, Ardestani A, Peyre S, and Smink DS. Assessing the effectiveness of surgical skills laboratories: a national survey. Simul Healthc.2013 Apr;8(2):91-7.
  • Vassiliou MC, Dunkin BJ, Marks JM, Fried GM. FLS and FES: Comprehensive Models of Training and Assessment. Surgical Clinics of North America 2010 Jun;90(3):535-558
  • Velle S, Hal T. Virtual Frog Dissection—Reality Check?. Unpublished. 1999
  • Velmahos GC, Toutouzas KG, Sillin LF, Chan L, Clark RE, Theodorou D, Maupin F. Cognitive task analysis for teaching technical skills in an inanimate surgical skills laboratory. Am J Surg. 2004 Jan;187(1):114-9
  • Verma SP, Dailey SH, McMurray JS, Jiang JJ, and McCulloch TM. Implementation of a program for surgical education in laryngology. Laryngoscope.2010 Nov;120(11):2241-6.
  • Vikas PH, John NW, et al. Technical skills continue to improve beyond surgical training. Journal of vascular surgery:official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American. 2006; 43(3): 539-545.
  • Ville Y, Cooper M, Revel A, Frydman R, Nicolaides K. Development of a training model for ultrasound-guided invasive procedures in fetal medicine. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Mar; 5(3):180-183
  • Vinardell MP, Mitjans M. Alternatives to Animals in Physiology Laboratory Classes: State of the Art in Faculties of Pharmacy in Spain. Poster session presented at: Alternatives in the Mainstream: Innovations in Life Science Education and Training. 2nd InterNICHE Conference; 2005 May 12-15; Oslo, Norway
  • Viruete Cisneros SA, Murillo Dueñas CT, Sierra Guerrero O, Lopez Rubio DM, Robles Gomez H. Strategies for replacement in the medical physiology laboratory in Centro Universitario de la Costa (Puerto Vallarta) of Universidad de Guadalajara [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):224. Abstract 487.
  • Visa J, and Nadal M. Surgical training using live animals:can it be justified? IACUC's authority. Lab Anim (NY).2007 Apr;36(4):15.
  • Vlaovic PD, and McDougall EM. New age teaching: beyond didactics. Scientific World Journal.2006 Mar 8;6:2370-80.
  • Vogelgesang S, Karplus T, Kreiter C. An instructional program to facilitate teaching joint/soft-tissue injection and aspiration. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Jun; 17(6):441-445
  • Vogt C, Gervasoni D, Grezel D, Morales A. Surgical training applied to experimentation: a course without the use of live animals [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):218. Abstract 701.
  • Vozenilek J, Huff JS, Reznek M, and Gordon JA. See one, do one, teach one: advanced technology in medical education. Acad Emerg Med.2004 Nov;11(11):1149-54.
  • Vuchkova J, Maybury TS, and Farah CS. Testing the educational potential of 3D visualization software in oral radiographic interpretation. J Dent Educ.2011 Nov;75(11):1417-25.