• Spetzger U, von Schilling A, Brombach T, Winkler G. Training models for vascular microneurosurgery. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2011; 112:115-119
  • Spiotta AM, Rasmussen PA, Masaryk TJ, Benzel EC, and Schlenk R. Simulated diagnostic cerebral angiography in neurosurgical training: a pilot program. J Neurointerv Surg.2013 Jul;5(4):376-81.Epub 2012 May 10.
  • Sreenivasulu M, Yeong W, Tan H, Tan G, Abrahams P, Zary N, Low‐Beer N, Ferenczi M. Evaluation by medical students of the educational value of multi‐material and multi‐colored three‐dimensional printed models of the upper limb for anatomical education . Anatomical Sience Education. 2017,11:54-64
  • Steinberg N, Keutz EV, Weiss J, Heldmaier G and Exner C. E-Learning A new tool for the education of young scientists in the humane treatment of experimental animals: A contribution to the 3R. AATEX 2008;14(Special Issue):285-289
  • Steinberg N, Weiss J, Heldmeier G, Exner C. Computer assisted learning as a refinement and reduction alternative [abstract]. ALTEX. 2009;26(Special Issue):213. Abstract 40
  • Stormark JG. The new alternative laboratory for training and teaching [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):234. Abstract 086.
  • Strauss RT, Kinzie MB. Student achievement and attitudes in a pilot study comparing an interactive videodisc simulation to conventional dissection. The American Biology Teacher. 1994;56(7):398–402
  • Streber ML, Davila T , Bautista R, Solano G, Esquivel L. The use of rat skull model for teaching learning methods for bleeding. Paper presented at: The Three Rs - Together it's possible. 8th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences; 2011 Aug 21-25; Montreal, Canada
  • Strickland SL. Conscientious objection in medical students: a questionnaire survey. J Med Ethics 2012;38:22-25
  • Ström P, Kjellin A, Hedman L, Johnson E, Wredmark T, Felländer-Tsai L. Validation and learning in the Procedicus KSA virtual reality surgical simulator. Surg Endosc. 2003 Feb;17(2):227-31. Epub 2002 Oct 29
  • Suebnukarn S, Hataidechadusadee R, Suwannasri N, Suprasert N, Rhienmora P, Haddawy P. Access cavity preparation training using haptic virtual reality and microcomputed tomography tooth models. Int Endod J. 2011 Nov;44(11):983-989
  • Sugand K, Abrahams P, and Khurana. The anatomy of anatomy: a review for its modernization. Anat Sci Educ.2010 Mar-Apr;3(2):83-93.
  • Summers AN, Rinehart GC, Simpson D, Redlich PN. Acquisition of surgical skills: a randomized trial of didactic, videotape, and computer-based training. Surgery. 1999;126(2):330-6
  • Suzuki M. Education and training system in Japanese research laboratories in a global pharmaceutical company. AATEX 2008;14(Special Issue):253-256
  • Szinicz G, Beller S, Zerz A. [Role of the pulsatile organ perfusion surgical simulator in surgery education]. [German] Langenbecks Archiv fur Chirurgie - Supplement – Kongressband 1997;114:687-693
  • Taffinder N, Sutton C, Fishwick RJ, McManus IC, Darzi A. Validation of virtual reality to teach and assess psychomotor skills in laparoscopic surgery: results from randomised controlled studies using the MIST VR laparoscopic simulator. Stud Health Technol Inform.1998;50:124-30
  • Takahashi K, Morita Y, Ohshima S, Izumi S, Kubota Y, Yamamoto Y, Takahashi S, Horii A. Creating an optimal 3D printed model for temporal bone dissection training . Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 2017,126(7):530-536
  • Takeuchi A, Ikeda N, Nara Y, Miyahara H, Mitobe H. WinArrhythmia: a Windows based application for studying cardiac arrhythmias. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine.1998;55(3):199-206
  • Takeuchi M, Hayashi N, Hamada H, Matsumura N, Nishijo H, Endo S. A new training method to improve deep microsurgical skills using a mannequin head. Microsurgery. 2008; 28(3):168-170
  • Tam M. Building virtual models by postprocessing radiology images: A guide for anatomy faculty. Anat Sci Educ. 2010 Sep-Oct; 3(5):261-266