• Neel JA, Grindem CB, Bristol DG. Introduction and evaluation of virtual microscopy in teaching veterinary cytopathology. J Vet Med Educ. 2007 Fall;34(4):437-44
  • Neequaye SK, Aggarwal R, Brightwell R, Van Herzeele I, Darzi A, Cheshire NJ. Identification of skills common to renal and iliac endovascular procedures performed on a virtual reality simulator. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007 May;33(5):525-32. Epub 2007 Feb 7
  • Neequaye SK, Aggarwal R, Van Herzeele I, Darzi A, and Cheshire NJ. Endovascular skills training and assessment. J Vasc Surg.2007 Nov;46(5):1055-64.
  • Newkirk IE. Brueghel’s Two Monkeys: Passing the Final Exam in the History of Mankind. ALTEX [CD-ROM]. 2010;27(Special Issue 1):11-18
  • Nicholas L, Toren K, Bingham J, Marquart J. Simulation in dermatologic surgery: a new paradigm in training. Dermatologic Surgery. 2013;39(1):76-81
  • Nicholas RS, Madada-Nyakauru RN, Irri RA, Myers SR, and Ghanem AM. Research priorities in light of current trends in microsurgical training: revalidation, simulation, cross-training, and standardisation. Arch Plast Surg.2014 May;41(3):218-24.Epub 2014 May 12.
  • Nickel F, Brzoska J, Gondan M, Rangnick, H, Chu J, Kenngott H, Linke G, Kadmon M, Fischer L, Müller-Stich B. Virtual reality training versus blended learning of laparoscopic cholecystectomy - a randomized controlled trial with laparoscopic novices. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(20): e764
  • Nickel F, Kowalewski KF, Rehberger F et al.. Face validity of the pulsatile organ perfusion trainer for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy. 2017;31:714
  • Nielsen P, Foglia L, Mandel L, Chow G. Objective structured assessment of technical skills for episiotomy repair. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Nov; 189(5):1257-1260
  • Nizard J, Duyme M, Ville Y. Teaching ultrasound-guided invasive procedures in fetal medicine: learning curves with and without an electronic guidance system. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Mar; 19(3):274-277
  • Nobis N. Animal dissection and evidence-based life-science and health-professions education. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2002;5(2):157-61
  • Novosaduk T, Jukes N, Maroueva E. Curricular transformation at St Petersburg State Veterinary Academy [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):216. Abstract 492.
  • O'Donghue PN. The law and animals in schools. Journal of Biological Education.1988;22(1):132-15.
  • Oakley J. Under the knife: Animal dissection as a contested school science activity. Journal for Activist Science and Technology Education. 2009;1(2):59-67
  • Obih P. Alternative to animals in the teaching of pharmacology laboratory [abstract]. ALTEX. 2009;26(Special Issue):225. Abstract 554
  • Ohmichi K, Komiyama M, et al. Formaldehyde exposure in a gross anatomy laboratory-personal exposure level is higher than indoor concentration. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int.2006 Mar;13(2):120-4.
  • Ohno Y. Importance of research on alternatives to animal experiments in pharmaceutical sciences. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2008 May;128(5):735-40
  • Okada DM, de Sousa AM, Huertas Rde A, Suzuki FA. Surgical simulator for temporal bone dissection training. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Oct;76(5):575-8
  • Okrainec A, Henao O, Azzie G. Telesimulation: an effective method for teaching the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery in resource-restricted countries. Surg Endosc. 2010 Feb; 24(2):417-22
  • Olabe J, Olabe J. Microsurgical training on an in vitro chicken wing infusion model. Surg Neurol. 2009 Dec; 72(6):695-699