Fahmy SR, Gaafar K. Establishing the first institutional animal care and use committee in Egypt. Philos Ethics Humanit Med. 2016, 11, 2


Background: Although animal research ethics committees (AREC) are well established in Western countries, this field is weakly developed and its concept is poorly understood in the Middle East and North Africa region.
Objective: Our main objective was to introduce the concept and requirements of ethical approaches in dealing
with experimental animal in research and teaching in Egypt.
Methods: Due to its very recent inception, Cairo University, Faculty of Science IACUC decided to operate in
accordance with Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals 8th Edition 2011 (the Guide) since Egypt has not yet compiled its own guide.
Results: Fifty protocols were reviewed in 2013–2014. Only ten protocols were reviewed in 2013, but in 2014, forty protocols were reviewed. In 2013 all protocols were approved and in 2014, number of approvals were 35, the number of deferrals were 4, and one refused protocol. Master’s theses (MSc) research protocols constituted the majority of the total reviewed protocols. This is attributed to the decision of the Board of the Faculty of Science, Cairo University in September, 2013 that the approval of the IACUC is mandatory before conducting any research involving animals or theses registration.
Conclusion: The first IACUC was established in the Cairo University, Faculty of Science, since 2012. The challenges encountered by the committee were diverse, such as the absence of laws that control the use of animal models in scientific research, lack of guidelines (protocols for experimental animals in research) and, mandatory ethical approval for any experimental animal research.

Link to journal: https://peh-med.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13010-016-0035-3